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Jüdische Gemeinde Saloniki (Fond 1428)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1993.A.0085.1.51 | RG Number: RG-11.001M.51

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    The collection contains registration documents of the Jewish community of Salonica (Thessaloniki), including meeting minutes of the Jewish Community Council; candidate lists for emigration; materials of the community's refugee committee; lists of refugees; applications for permission to relocate to Palestine, and documents on the life of Jewish settlers in Palestine; minutes and decisions of the Beth Din (mostly on damage cases); marriage contracts; financial accounts of charities; information about schools; diverse documents including rent receipts, a memorandum to the government regarding both the citizenship of a rabbi and the marriage law, a translation of a Freemason text, meeting minutes of the Jewish National Fund, and name lists of the community's religious staff; internal correspondence; correspondence with government authorities, other Jewish communities; and the city of Salonika regarding taxes; records of bank balances; and the rulings of the chief rabbi on various matters. There is voluminous correspondence of the chief rabbi and community council with the international Jewish religious and Zionist organizations: The World Federation of Sephardic Communities, Jewish National Fund, Keren Hayesod, Mizrachi, Shivat Tzion, and others. Some part of materials belong to other collections: records of Jewish community of Athens (Fond 1427), and records of the Jewish community of Vienna (Fond 707 and 7140, including a manuscript of a part of “The Book of Zohar”). The collection includes also printed materials. Entire original Fond was duplicated, with a handful of exceptions where files were not available to be reproduced.
    Alternate Title
    Jewish Community of Salonika
    bulk:  1926-1941
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Jewish Community of Salonika
    A Jewish community existed in Salonika as early as the first century B.C.E. In 1680, Jews from various cities of Greece, Germany Spain, Italy Portugal and province established in the city a single community headed by a council of three rabbis and seven notables. During the Greek period the community experienced a decline. In 1917 a fire destroyed most of Salonika and the 50,000 Jews left homeless were not permitted to return to their homes. Large numbers of Jews emigrated in the 1920s and 1930s because of the fire, unfavorable laws and antisemitism. In 1935, there were nearly 60,000 Jews in Salonika. Between 1941 and 1944, Salonika was occupied by the Nazis. About 95 % of the Jewish population was deported and exterminated, most of them in Auschwitz. The Nazi seized Salonika on April 9, 1941 and April 15, 1941, the entire leadership of Jewish community was arrested.
    Fishman, D. E. and Kupovetsky, M, Kuzelenkov, V. (ed.), Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive. Scranton: University of Scranton Press 2010. Published in association with the United States Holocaust memorial Museum and The Jewish Theological Seminary.

    YIVO Archives: RG 207: Jewish Community of Salonika. 1910-1939.

    American Sephardi Federation: ASF AR-6, Records of the World Sephardi Federation, 1975-1998.

    Browder, G. C. Captured German and other Nation's Documents in the Osobyi (Special) Archive, Moscow. Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical Association. Internet access:

    Russian State Military Archive: [accessed 27 April 2021]

    Physical Details

    72 microfilm reels (partial) ; 16 mm.
    approximately 149,000 digital images : JPEG.
    System of Arrangement
    Fond 1428 (1844-1941). Opis 1; Dela 297. The collection's contents are not systematized, although many files have been grouped together by subjects. The files were not microfilmed in fond order. Selected records arranged in six series: 1. Registration documents; 2. Records on religious life; 3. Correspondence; 4. Records relating to Jewish refugees from Western and Eastern Europe; 5. Materials belonging to other collections; 6. Printed materials.

    Note: Location of digital images; Partial microfilm reels #196-199, 687-755;
    Reel 196: Image #1313-Reel end;
    Reel 198: Reel start-Reel end;
    Reel 199: Reel start Reel end;
    Reel 687-755: Reel start-Reel end.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Reproduction and publication only with written permission of the Russian State Military Archives

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Russian State Military Archive (Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv), Osobyi Archive, Fond 1428. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in 1993, accretion in 2008 and 2009.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 12:19:10
    This page:

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