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Jüdische Synagogen-Ausbildung, Gemeinde Belgrad (Fond 1429)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2009.412.1 | RG Number: RG-11.001M.96

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    Contains bylaws, minutes, lists of members of the Jewish community of Belgrade, correspondence with Jewish charitable societies and with various individuals on the construction of buildings, on establishing Jewish schools, shelters, and choir, on raising funds for the community fund, and on providing material aid to community members in need; birth registers and marriage contracts (1866-1940); a resolution on the payment of pensions to community employees; contracts with various firms and private individuals regarding the purchase of equipment and the leasing of buildings; lists of persons making donations; financial documents; and correspondence with Yugoslav authorities regarding permits for a construction of synagogue, prayer houses, and other community buildings as well as regarding the payment of taxes and Jewish emigration from Yugoslavia.

    Note: USHMM Archives holds only selected records.
    Alternate Title
    Crkveno-śkolska everejska opśtina, Beograd
    Jewish Synagogue and school community in Belgrade
    inclusive:  1815-1941
    bulk:  1934-1941
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Jevrejska opština Beograd
    The legal status of the Jewish community of Belgrade was formalized by an official charter in 1866. Its first president was Jahiel Ruso, and its rabbi during the period 1886-1894 was a famous Berlin scholar Simon Bernfeld. Ashkenazi Jews, whose religious autonomy was recognized by the Serbian government, established their own community in 1892. In 1939, there were 10,388 Jews in Belgrade, 8,500 were Sephardim; 1888 were Ashkenazi. Jewish membership in religious community was required by law. The Sephardic community’s primary mission consisted of religious meetings, educational, social and cultural activities for its members. Both communities were liquidated after the Nazi occupation in April 1941. After the war, the Jewish community was reconstituted. The Federation of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia, formed in the aftermath of World War II to coordinate the Jewish communities of post-war Yugoslavia, also lobbied for the right of Jews to immigrate to Israel. More than half of Yugoslav survivors settled in Israel after World War II.
    Fishman, D. E. and Kupovetsky, M, Kuzelenkov, V. (ed.). Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive. Scranton: University of Scranton Press 2010. Published in association with the United States Holocaust memorial Museum and The Jewish Theological Seminary.

    Browder, G. C. Captured German and other Nation's Documents in the Osobyi (Special) Archive, Moscow. Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical Association. Internet access:

    Russian State Military Archive: [accessed 27 April 2021]

    Physical Details

    49 microfilm reels (partial) ; 16 mm.
    102,959 digital images : JPEG.
    System of Arrangement
    Fond 1429 (1815-1941). Opis 1; Dela 351. Arranged in five subject series: 1. Correspondence, minutes of meetings, and invitations; 2. Vital records of the community members; 3. Financial documents and notebooks with dues of the community members; 4. Lists of community members and lists of Jewish refugees from Germany; 5. Musical notes and sheets, brochures, and photographs.

    Note: Location of digital images; Reels 767-816;
    Reel 767: Image #747-Reel end;
    Reels 768-816: Reel start-Reel end (Entire reels)

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Reproduction and publication only with written permission of the Russian State Military Archives

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Russian State Military Archive (Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv), Osobyi Archive, Fond 1429. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in 2009.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-30 12:55:18
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