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Oral history interview with Tema Bauer

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.346.4 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0004

Tema Bauer, born May 5, 1916 in Łódź, Poland, discusses her large, very religious family; the Nazi occupation of Łódź and the deportation of her parents; her relocation into the Łódź ghetto in 1940; working in the ghetto kitchen for children until 1942, when the children were deported to concentration camps; hunger and diseases in the ghetto; treatment by the Judenrat and non-Jewish Poles; her transfer to Leipzig where she worked in an ammunition factory making bullets; losing an arm when the factory was bombed; leaving on a forced march from Leipzig to Chernivtsi, Ukraine as Russian forces approached; marching twice to Elbe and back; the death of thousands of people during the march; her sudden liberation; being treated at a Red Cross center; returning to Łódź but not finding any family members; her time in a displaced persons camp in Pocking, Germany, where she married and had a child; emigrating from Germany to the United States, settling in Chicago in 1948; and her feeling that during the war she and others kept their humanity.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Bauer, Tema
interview:  1992 November 08
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:09:36
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