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Oral history interview with Liza Silbert

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.346.68 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0068

Liza Silbert (née Gittleman), born August 10, 1922 in Vilna, Poland (Vilnius, Lithuania), describes growing up in a middle class home; her father’s death just before the war; her three brothers and one sister; being the only survivor of her immediate family; attending school; being raised Orthodox; the Russian occupation then the German occupation in 1941; her mother’s reluctance to leave; the prevalent antisemitism; her brother’s death; how Jews had to wear yellow stars; being kicked out of their home and forced into the ghetto; conditions in the ghetto; being forced to build a bridge; her mother’s loss of hope; her younger brother’s death from pneumonia; the frequent deportations; moving to the smaller ghetto; working in a brick factory; becoming ill and going to a small hospital in the ghetto; hiding with her mother in an apartment that was then occupied by the Gestapo for two days; going to another hiding place, where they stayed for three months; being discovered and taken to city hall; escaping while her mother was called inside; returning to the ghetto; the liquidation of the ghetto; being sent to Kaiserwald; staying with her cousin; witnessing the murder of an infant; the journey to the camp in cattle cars, where there was sexual assault and no food nor water; being in Kaiserwald for two weeks then transferred to Dünawerke, where she worked building a hospital; being sent to Riga, Latvia after six months; working for Krupp, making ammunition; being moved around as the Russians approached; and being liberated in January 1945.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Silbert, Liza
interview:  1988 June 26
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 09:43:59
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