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Oral history interview with Liza Silbert

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1989.346.68 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0068

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    Oral history interview with Liza Silbert


    Interview Summary
    Liza Silbert (née Gittleman), born August 10, 1922 in Vilna, Poland (Vilnius, Lithuania), describes growing up in a middle class home; her father’s death just before the war; her three brothers and one sister; being the only survivor of her immediate family; attending school; being raised Orthodox; the Russian occupation then the German occupation in 1941; her mother’s reluctance to leave; the prevalent antisemitism; her brother’s death; how Jews had to wear yellow stars; being kicked out of their home and forced into the ghetto; conditions in the ghetto; being forced to build a bridge; her mother’s loss of hope; her younger brother’s death from pneumonia; the frequent deportations; moving to the smaller ghetto; working in a brick factory; becoming ill and going to a small hospital in the ghetto; hiding with her mother in an apartment that was then occupied by the Gestapo for two days; going to another hiding place, where they stayed for three months; being discovered and taken to city hall; escaping while her mother was called inside; returning to the ghetto; the liquidation of the ghetto; being sent to Kaiserwald; staying with her cousin; witnessing the murder of an infant; the journey to the camp in cattle cars, where there was sexual assault and no food nor water; being in Kaiserwald for two weeks then transferred to Dünawerke, where she worked building a hospital; being sent to Riga, Latvia after six months; working for Krupp, making ammunition; being moved around as the Russians approached; and being liberated in January 1945.
    Liza Silbert
    interview:  1988 June 26
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center

    Physical Details

    1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Silbert, Liza, 1922-

    Administrative Notes

    The Holocaust Memorial Foundation of Illinois (now Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center) conducted the interview with Liza Silbert on June 26, 1988. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch received the tape of the interview from the Holocaust Memorial Foundation of Illinois on December 12, 1989.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:07:20
    This page:

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