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Oral history interview with Manfred Steinfeld

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1989.346.70 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0070

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    Oral history interview with Manfred Steinfeld

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Manfred Steinfeld, born on April 29, 1924 in a small agricultural town in Hesse, Germany, describes arriving in the US in 1938 and joining the army in 1943; being with the Military Intelligence Specialist Unit attached to the 82nd Airborne through the entire Normandy Invasion, Holland, and central European campaigns; landing in Normandy on June 6, 1944; being part of the invasion at Nijmegen, Netherlands; his group occupying Berlin, Germany in 1945; making contact made with the Russians at Torgau, Germany then at Grabow, Germany; being part of the 15th Army Group holding the West Bank of the Rhine near Cologne, Germany; being attached on April 25 or 23 to the Second British Army; proceeding to Bleckede, Germany; arriving in Schwerin, Germany (near the Baltic Coast); translating the unconditional surrender document which was being executed by General Gavin; coming across Wöbbelin concentration camp and his reaction to the scene; being in charge of talking to the Burgemeister (mayor) of Ludwigslust, Germany; getting laborers to remove the dead bodies and arranging for a funeral; the civilian population being forced to attend the funeral; the buildings in the camp; incidents when former inmates took revenge on camp guards; Captain Wood of the 82 Airborne Division giving a eulogy; arresting a former concentration camp administrator after receiving a tip from Margarete Buber; returning to France; being sent on leave to Berlin in July 1945; being discharged on October 29, 1945; being part of the counter-intelligence unit while he was in Berlin; arresting and interrogating numerous potential war criminals; visiting his home town in June 1945; the deaths of his mother and sister (possibly in Camp Stutthof); one of his brothers escaping to Palestine in 1938; speaking with his non-Jewish acquaintances in his hometown; going to the cemetery in Frankfurt, Germany, where his great grandfather, grandfather, and father were buried; the importance of giving testimony; and the lessons he has taken from his and his family’s experiences during the Holocaust.
    Interviewee
    Mr. Manfred Steinfeld
    Date
    undated: 
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Extent
    1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Holocaust Memorial Foundation of Illinois (now Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center) conducted the interview with Manfred Steinfeld. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch received the tape of the interview from the Holocaust Memorial Foundation of Illinois on June 20, 1991.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:07:20
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn507500

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