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Oral history interview with Stephen Gonczy

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.346.21 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0021

Stephen Gonczy, born in Hungary, describes going to the United States in 1939; having a law degree from the University of Paige in Hungary; attending law school in Chicago, IL and receiving his degree in 1943; entering the US Army in 1943; participating in the invasion of Normandy; being selected for military intelligence around the time of the Battle of the Bulge (winter 1944-1945); being sent to Intelligence headquarters near Paris, France; being reassigned to 483G and moved to the front; interrogating prisoners of war, looking for technical and strategic information; how his division (63rd Infantry Division) found itself with more prisoners and had to weed out the highest ranking and most knowledgeable officers; being involved in a special project in France; the uncertainty at the beginning of 1945 concerning when the war would end; the 63rd Infantry Division’s assignment to go to Dachau concentration camp; American forces disposing of the corpses around the camp; his interactions with Commanding General William W. Quinn; returning to Ludwigsburg, where they set up a camp for German internees; how he returned to Dachau several times later as a war crimes investigator; not wearing uniforms when they interrogated prisoners; his interactions with camp survivors and details about their experiences, including the Kapos and brutality; making German civilians witness and bury the dead in the camps; his view of Germans; marrying a German woman; becoming a war crimes investigator; returning to the US at the end of 1947; and writing and talking to various groups about his experiences.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Stephen Gonczy
Grace Cohen Grossman
interview:  1982 May 02
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 15:29:37
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