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Oral history interview with Robert Lippurt

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.346.42 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0042

Robert Lippurt, born May 19, 1914 in Chicago, IL, describes working as a part-time general practitioner; holding a reserve commission for many years; working in VA hospitals for a few years before applying for active duty in May 1944; being assigned to 130th Evacuation Hospital; going to South Wales in December 1944; how the evacuation hospital was a mobile unit, following the combat troops, and served the wounded; moving rapidly across France in March 1945; his unit’s whole function changing with the closing of the war when they were in the middle of Germany; serving the prisoners who had been liberated from the concentration camp Stalag 7A near Moosburg, Germany; conditions in the camp, including the sanitation and the illnesses present; speaking with prisoners with the help of Polish chemist Lichtenstein, who spoke several languages; how some camp survivors were out of touch with reality and viewed the Americans with suspicion and disbelief; the 20 percent mortality rate of survivors; seeing very few female patients; the stories he heard from camp survivors; staying in the camp for a month and moving to Mauthausen by truck; conditions in Mauthausen concentration camp; the 11th Army Division liberating the camp before they arrived; his unit’s mission to prevent inmates from setting fire to the barracks; the gas chambers and crematorium; trying to interrogate two uniformed women who worked for the Nazis; not working as a general practitioner or psychiatrist at any time in Mauthausen, but instead doing whatever needed to be done; his methods for determining medical problems; how pulmonary tuberculosis was a problem; the nearby stone quarry; the prisoners in Mauthausen; the people in his unit, including a Japanese-American orthopedic surgeon who was a surgeon in their unit after being with the Japanese-American combat troops in Italy; having 30 army nurses in their unit but how it was still too few and they got some nurses from the regular German Army who were eager to help; and the local civilians’ views of Mauthausen.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Robert Lippurt
interview:  1988 March 28
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 15:10:16
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