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Oral history interview with Hannelore Silverman, Sol Schindel, and several unnamed people

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.346.65 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0065

Hannelore Silverman, born June 22, 1926 in Germany, describes her memories of 1938 when she was 12 years old; being sent on a Kindertransport via the French-German, Spain, and Portugal; being put on buses to Lisbon, Portugal; being housed for approximately one week before being transported to the United States; and having to wear an identification tag on the boat.

Sol Schindel describes arriving at Birkenau; being beaten before entering the barrack; being in the camp with his father for three weeks; being in Melk during a bombing raid in July 1944; liberation; and how he survived Melk psychologically.

An unnamed woman describes being 15 or 16 years old when the Germans occupied her hometown in 1941; the anxiety of the time; the deportations; the murder of Jews by Poles; and being liberated in the spring of 1944.

A second unnamed woman describes conditions in the ghetto, including the cruelty inflicted on Jews; the Judenrat’s (Jewish council) role in the ghetto; the loss of most of her family; hiding in the ghetto; her father’s deportation; sneaking out of the ghetto to join the Jewish underground in Krakow, Poland; living in a room with 500 women; getting in contact with a Zionist group; speaking with an American prisoner of war who was afraid that the camp would be liquidated before liberation; and being liberated by the US Army and working as a translator for them.

An unnamed man describes being a stamp collector and going to visit a German officer to exchange stamps, not being recognized as Jewish; and briefly he describes how he passed as a soldier in the German army.

A third unnamed woman describes trying to get out of a ghetto in occupied Poland; receiving some help from Poles; and living in a small town in 1944 and anticipating the Russians arrival.

A fourth unnamed woman describes her mother finding her after the war ended; learning about the Holocaust in school; and immigrating to the United States.

A second unnamed man describes hearing about the shooting of people in a mass grave; the ghetto; being sick in a concentration camp and beaten when he didn’t feel strong enough to work; staying in the camp for around five weeks; and getting caught while smuggling cigarettes and some supplies into the camp.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Schindel, Sol
Silverman, Hannelore
interview:  1983 September 19
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 09:43:59
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