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Oral history interview with Józef Świętojański

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0300.13 | RG Number: RG-50.488.0013

Józef Świętojański, born in Chlewiska, Poland near Belzec in 1916, discusses fighting in the Polish Army in 1939; returning to Chlewska while it was under Soviet occupation; working at the Belzec train station; watching the building of the camp; witnessing the arrival of Jewish and Romani transports; the transport process; hearing about the gassing process; hearing sounds from inside the killing center; witnessing prisoners attempt to escape execution; the Ukrainian guards at Belzec; the atmosphere of fear during the war; the militia that guarded the site after the war; and commemorations villagers leave in the forest for those killed.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Józef Swietojanski
Interviewer
Michal Sobelman
Michael Tregenza
Date
interview:  1998 March 13
Language
Polish
Extent
1 videocasette (Betacam SP).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:45:03
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507891