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Oral history interview with Riva Isakovna Braiter

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.2 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0002

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Riva Isakovna Braiter, born on September 10, 1919 in Nemirov (Nemyriv, Vinnyts'ka oblast'), Ukraine, describes the outbreak of World War II; how people first wanted to evacuate but could not because there were no trains available; returning to Nemirov where the Germans soon arrived and set up a ghetto; fleeing the ghetto with her mother and heading toward Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia), Ukraine; being fed by peasant families along the way; arriving in Vinnitsa and staying with an aunt until the Germans came to Vinnitsa; returning with her mother to Nemirov, where they lived for a month with a Ukrainian peasant her mother had helped during the turbulent collectivization period; deciding she could not stand being in hiding; going to Vinnitsa and asking a former co-worker to give her false documents and a new identity which she could use; traveling in August and September of 1942 with no particular destination in mind; being fed by peasants along the way; arriving in Khmel'nyts'ka oblast and getting a job in Gorodok (Horodok); being suspected of being a Jew, put in prison, and subsequently released; traveling in the direction of Zhitomir (ZHytomyr), Ukraine and working for a local German police post as a cook; being approached by partisans to steal ammunition from the German police post; joining the partisan unit "Khrushchev," whose job it was to blow up rail lines; fighting between Ukrainian factions and the relations between Poles and Ukrainians in the area; how her partisan unit had many Ossetians, Uzbeks, and Armenians, who were former prisoners of war; returning in May 1944 to her home in Vinnitsa oblast which had been liberated by the Red Army; finding her mother and going to live in Kiev, Ukraine towards the end of 1945; and her thoughts on the need for a monument in the area of Ukraine where Jews were killed.

Interviewee
Riva I. Braiter
Date
1994 August 02  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:38:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511909