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Oral history interview with Klara Vinocur

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.37 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0037

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Klara Semyonovna Vinocur, born in 1924 in Shpola, Cherkask oblast, Ukraine, describes the Jewish population in Shpola; the good relations between Ukrainians and Jews; her father’s work in a sugar refinery and her mother’s work as a seamstress; her two siblings; her family not being religious but speaking Yiddish at home; the beginning of the war and the general belief that Jews would not be mistreated by the Germans; evacuating to Kremenchug in 1941 but being ordered by Germans back to Shpola; her mother working as a cook for Germans; being ordered to wear a star; her father’s arrest on August 21, 1941 by Ukrainian police and assuming that he was shot; being moved to the ghetto and living there from August 1941 until May 1942; being taken by police in early May 1942 to Brodetskoe (Brodets'ke); coming down with typhus; being taken out of the camp with other sick persons and hiding while the others were shot; hiding in the village of Brodetskoe and fleeing to Shpola, where she found her mother and brother; getting false documents from a Ukrainian policeman; leaving Shpola and heading in the direction of Kirovgrad; being reported to the police by a woman with whom she had asked to stay; her false papers passing inspection and being sent to a Sovkhoz to work; the arrival of Soviet troops; cooking for the troops and being shot while they were under fire; being in a hospital for a month; finding her brother; efforts to establish memorials in various areas after the war; working as a teacher for 35 years; the lack of Jewish resistance in the Shpola area; and how there were many Ukrainians who helped Jews.

Interviewee
Klara Vinocur
Date
1994 August 15  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511944