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Oral history interview with Bronia Yakovlevna Medvinskaya

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.22 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0022

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Briona Yakovlevna Medvinskaya, born in 1924 in Lysianka, Ukraine, describes the unsuccessful attempt of her family to evacuate at the beginning of the war; the establishment by German authorities of a Jewish administration which organized Jewish work details; her work as a maid in the living quarters of a German member of the Einsatzgruppen; the beating of her father by a German soldier; receiving a warning by a German cook of the dormitory that all Jews will be killed; a group of Jewish men and boys from Lysianka rounded up and brought to the dormitory where they were stripped, beaten with boards with nails driven into them, and then taken away to be killed; other groups, such as Soviet prisoners of war, brought to the dormitory then killed in the nearby forest; her work as a maid in a military hospital; relocation to a concentration camp with her mother and sister; a mass shooting of camp inmates by German soldiers in 1942; a second mass shooting at the camp in 1943, of which she was warned and able to escape; fleeing to a village with her sister and a friend, where she worked for a family; traveling to Kiev, Ukraine; convincing Soviet authorities that she was not a spy in order to join the military; the contacts she had with partisans during the war; the fate of her family members; and her life after the war.

Interviewee
Bronia Y. Medvinskaya
Date
1994 August  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:03
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511929