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Oral history interview with Yuri Samuilovich Rachman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.27 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0027

Yuri Samuilovich Rachman, born in 1928 in Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia), Ukraine, describes his family and education; the unsuccessful attempt of his family to evacuate Vinnitsa in 1941; a pogrom led by German soldiers in 1941; the death of his brother, mother, and grandmother; leaving the village with his father; traveling to Staryi Gorod where there was less Jewish persecution; receiving shelter from a village woman; staying in Staryi Gorod until 1942, working in the village; the order by German authorities for all Jews from local villages to gather; his transfer with his father to a concentration camp outside of Vinnitsa; harsh conditions in the camp where guards killed those who could not work; escaping the camp with his father and his father’s friend; hiding in the house of a friend of his father's; living and working in the ghetto of Vinnitsa; German soldiers killing the elderly in the ghetto in 1943; escaping from the ghetto; traveling to Tuit'ki (Tiut'ky) and receiving shelter from friends; leaving Tuit'ki and receiving help crossing a river from a villager; traveling to Krasnoe and living on a Jewish collective farm; being taken with a group of Jews by policemen to Zhmerinka (Zhmerynka); his transfer to the village of Tree Khatki to repair a railway station to aid in their retreat; escaping from the camp by train; traveling to Ghmerinka and then continuing on foot; liberation of the village in which they stayed in 1944; returning to Vinnitsa and discovering another family living in their apartment; his father receiving permission to live in any empty apartment; and his life after the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Yuri S. Rachman
interview:  1994 August
4 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:20
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