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Oral history interview with Fira Mateyevna Zamenskaya

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.41 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0041

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Fira Mateyevna Zamenskaya (née Cherepinskiy), born in 1925, discusses her younger brother; living in Shpola, Cherkask oblast, Ukraine; the large Jewish population in Shpola; her parents; attending school; her family not being very religious but observing holidays; hearing stories about Jewish persecution in Germany in the 1930s; her family attempting to flee in the first days of the war; the establishment of the ghetto; police raids from time to time in ghetto; how a group of men in good physical condition were marched off; relatives raising her brother during the war; her father working on a state farm during the war and being taken to a concentration camp; working at the police headquarters with a friend and hearing about a roundup planned for that night; leaving town with her mother and being given refuge by a Ukrainian woman in the countryside; going to Zlatopol (now part of Novomyrhorod), Ukraine; finding that her aunt and cousins had been shot in Zlatopol; going to the local camp and being sent on a work detail; a round up in the fall of 1942 and escaping the camp; returning to Shpola; being hidden in a barn by a neighbor and finding her mother there; going to a state farm; being liberated on March 8, 1943; marrying in 1952; and working in kindergarten for 40 years.

Interviewee
Fira M. Zamenskaya
Date
1994 August 06  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511949