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Oral history interview with Paula Gutter

Oral History | Accession Number: 2015.372.1 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0253

Paula Gutter (born Perla Schwartzberg on August 18, 1935 in Zamosc, Poland) discusses her childhood; her father Nathan, who drove people with his horse and carriage, and her mother Sara; her older brother Meir and sister Sara; seeing buildings burning in September 1939 and her family immediately going to Lublin, Poland for one month until the Germans arrived there; leaving by train in October 1939 and sitting on the floor of the train on a pile of clothes; arriving in Kazan (in Tatarstan), Russia; living with her family in one room with an outside bathroom; her mother working in a restaurant and taking Paula with her; her father being taken to Siberia in 1943 for two years to construct buildings; her mother writing a letter to Stalin to get her husband back; being the only Jewish student in the Russian school; learning Russian easily; eating potato peels her mother brought home from her restaurant job; how there was never bombing in Kazan; her father returning in 1945; returning to Poland and not finding any relatives in Lublin (all but one had perished); seeing bodies lying in the street; living in the Heidenheim, Germany displaced persons camp from 1946 to 1948; attending Hebrew school; sailing by boat to Israel in 1948 with her family; living in Jaffa; moving to a new home in Tel Aviv; getting married in 1957; going to the United States in 1959; refusing to go to Germany; and not wanting to look back as it is too depressing.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ms. Paula Gutter
Gail Schwartz
interview:  2015 November 13
1 digital file : WAV.