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Oral history interview with Leo de Jong

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.15 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0015

Leo De Jong, born in 1930 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, describes his family and his father’s role as a cantor in the local synagogue; the refugees who asked for assistance from his family beginning in 1933; the German government’s gradual implementation of antisemitic laws; going from a public school to a Jewish school in 1942; a resistance group in the Jewish ghetto; his sister who went into hiding for nearly two years; his bar mitzvah in August 1943; being taken with his parents and brother to Westerbork transit camp in September 1943 and then to Bergen-Belsen four months later; the artifacts his family hid with a non-Jewish friend; his aunts who had immigrated to Chile in 1939 and the Paraguayan identification cards they had sent he and his family; the conditions in Westerbork; the trip to Bergen-Belsen and their lives in Sternenlager; being transported in April 1945 to a death camp in Leipzig, Germany on what was later called the “Lost Train” and being stopped on April 23 and liberated near Tröbitz, Germany; the death of his father and brother shortly after; being taken care of by the Red Cross; returning to Holland and meeting up with his sister; his schooling after the war; his sister moving to Israel in 1946; he and his mother relocating to Chile in 1951; traveling back and forth between Chile and Israel; his memories of the suffering during the war; and his feelings on his story and his faith in God.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
de Jong, Leo
Hinzpeter, Ximena
interview:  2010 January 21
Oral histories.
2 digital files : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
Record last modified: 2022-06-16 10:13:16
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