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Oral history interview with Adalberto Klein

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.46 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0046

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Adalberto (Avrum) Klein, born on November 3, 1926 in Giorokuta, Transylvania (the town belonged to Hungary after Hitler’s invasion), describes his town and family; the family farm, where they grew wheat, had sheep and made cheese; his two older sisters Anna and Margarita; his observant parents, who kept kosher, observed all the holidays, and for Shabbat they walked to services in another town; going to school 30 km away in Simleu Silvaniei, Romania; studying electrical installations; training and working in Debrecen, Hungary; working in Budapest, Hungary; Nazis entering the country and the restrictions placed on Jews; returning to his hometown; being sent to a ghetto, which was the site of a brick factory belonging to his uncle, Francisco Klein; being loaded on a train and taken to Auschwitz Birkenau at a month and a half; going through selection and the conditions in the camp; going to Buchenwald and then to a labor camp in Bochum, Germany to an ammunition factory; working as an electrician; collecting tobacco from discarded cigarette butts and trading it for food; American bombers constantly flying over them and finding refuge in a bunker; being in charge of finding and disassembling the timed-release bombs that were dropped; the escapes of inmates; being caught stealing potatoes and being beaten; starvation in the camp; having to rebuild the factory after it was damaged by the bombs; being evacuated by train to Buchenwald, where they stayed about a month and a half; joining a group of non-Jews in one of the selections and being given plenty of food; being evacuated again to a forest and possibly Dachau; being taken to an airport; the continued death march; being liberated by an American tank; contracting stomach typhus and being taken to a German hospital then an American field hospital; being diagnosed with a hernia; being sent back home; the loss of much of his family; buying land and horses; keeping correspondence with his relatives in Chile; and immigrating to Chile.

Interviewee
Adalberto Klein
Interviewer
Andrea Stutman
Date
2010 August 01  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:51:14
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73326