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Oral history interview with Erica Kurz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.54 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0054

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Erica Kurz, born in September 1926 in Chernivtsi, Ukraine, describes how her family was still suffering economically from WWI; being an only child; her parents, numerous aunts and uncles, and her beloved grandmother; attending a coed, non-religious elementary school for four years; speaking German at home; attending high school for three years; the Russians arriving when the war began and being 13 years old; her parents losing their belongings and being labeled as bourgeois; her father finding work in a bakery; her family hiding in parks and other places to avoid being deported to Siberia; their family not wanting to give them shelter; the German invasion and being moved to the ghetto; after a few months being sent to Transnistria; being in in Mogilev (possibly Mohyliv-Podil's'kyi, Ukraine) for a couple of months; being sent to Skazeret, 10 km away; being sent money from family in Bucharest, Romania; living in houses that had been partially demolished; being marched to Tyvrov (Tyvriv, Ukraine), escorted by Ukrainians; being put in a ghetto and her father being forced to do labor; being hit by a Romanian soldier; she and her mother knitting sweaters and selling them; being felled by an attack of furuncles in her legs and not being able to walk or work; her father fixing shoes then being taken for six months for forced labor; the Russians arriving; staying in Tyvrov another year and her father working as a glazier; her family befriending a Russian Jewish soldier, who gave them the complete works of Sholem Aleichem; hosting people from the community in their home at night because her house had electricity; listening to the news; going to Bucharest at the end of 1945; going to Paris, France in May 1947 in order to immigrate to Chile; meeting many Sephardic Jews; ration cards; sailing to Chile in the ship La Groix in June 1947; joining a Jewish group and finding out about the camps; life in Chile and her husband Leon Geller; living a non-religious life; and not feeling hate.

Interviewee
Erica Kurz
Interviewer
Andrea Berdichevsky
Date
2010 May 25  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:52:25
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73334