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Oral history interview with Raoul Malachowski

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.57 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0057

Raoul Malachowski, born in 1916 in Poland, describes his Swedish mother and Polish father; his Gentile family moving to Finland in 1921; training in the Polish General Consulate in Hamburg, Germany; living in Germany and seeing the changes there; his encounters with the rising Nazi-Stalin ideology; the persecution of intellectuals and the aristocracy; his mother’s arrest and death during the war; his father’s family dying in Katin; his Polish family hiding Jewish children during the occupation; being posted to defend Warsaw, Poland, in the Modlin Fort; being taken prisoner with his father; escaping to Łódź, Poland; reopening the Red Cross in Łódź; being imprisoned with other employees of the Red Cross; opening a secret Red Cross; helping Jewish families find information on detained and hidden relatives; working for the Polish government in exile; being imprisoned, tortured, and interrogated; hearing about his mother’s death; being transported to a transit camp nearby; being taken to Vienna, Austria and from there to Mauthausen; working in a quarry; the Norwegian intellectuals in the camp; being transported to Guzen II; working underground in enlarging the tunnels; speaking privately with someone named von Strauss; the typhoid epidemic; liberation in May 1945; and his father finding him.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Raoul Malachowski
Interviewer
Andrea Stutman
Date
interview:  2011 July 15
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:27:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73341