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Oral history interview with Peter Krausz-Engel

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.51 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0051

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Peter Krausz-Engel, born in Budapest, Hungary on June 21, 1933, describes his family; Jewish life in Budapest; his family’s businesses; his parents divorcing and being raised by his grandparents; visiting his father, who lived 242 km away; the Nazis beginning round ups in his father’s town and his father being taken to do forced labor on railroads until 1942; his father being sent to collect the mines on the Russian front and escaping with some friends to the Russian side; his mother losing her job and going to work for a German family in 1944; attending a regular public school until 1943; having to wear the yellow patch and live in a building designated for Jews only; the deportation of his mother on November 10, 1944; living with an aunt; the brutality of the Fascist party in Hungary; the actions of a Catholic priest during the war; moving into the ghetto with his grandparents; witnessing the Russian army enter the city in March 1945; returning to their apartment and his mother coming back after being in Lichtenberg concentration camp; attending school again; the return of his father, who died soon after of polio; being registered as a communist in order to study; completing his university studies and entering the military academy; becoming an officer in the Hungarian army; leaving Hungary in 1956 after the revolution and walking to Austria; going to Vienna then Linz; immigrating to Chile and bringing his mother over a year later; and his doubts about his faith.

Interviewee
Peter Krausz-Engel
Interviewer
Karen Codner
Date
2010 October 13  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:51:59
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73331