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Oral history interview with Ruth Markowitz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.58 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0058

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ruth Markowitz de Strauss, born at the end of 1924, describes being an only child of a Jewish German couple; her assimilated, middle class family; attending a public school and then the Goethe Shule; not experiencing much antisemitism, except from an art teachers; attending a Jewish school, where there was a high number of Jewish refugees; meeting Eastern European Jews; experiencing segregation; her German friend becoming a Nazi; the events during Kristallnacht and her father avoiding the first roundup; finding refuge with her mother at the home of an English family; awaiting the visa for Sweden; leaving for Sweden on her own at age 13; how at the border the black shirts came by her compartment and she was taken off the train with her suitcases and made to undress as they looked for valuables; arriving at the Malmo school; the Zionist atmosphere at her school and being in the school for a year; her parents getting a visa to Chile, which required her to return to Berlin, Germany; returning to Germany by the end of October of 1939; traveling on the German ship, Horace; the ship being stopped in Marseille, France and all the passports being checked and her father being forced to leave the ship; her father being sent to a concentration camp in France and eventually leaving for Chile; her mother working as a housekeeper; her work as a nanny and a German teacher; her family reuniting after a year; studying to be a secretary; getting married and having three children; and becoming a nurse and working for the Red Cross.

Interviewee
Ruth Markowitz
Interviewer
Ilana Solowiejczyk
Date
2010 October 22  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:53:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73342