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Oral history interview with José Deutsch

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.16 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0016

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jose Deutsch, born on November 8, 1931 in Bucharest, Romania, describes his family and moving to Oradea, Romania, a predominantly Jewish city where they lived until 1942; his mother’s conversion to Judaism before being married; the relocation of his step brother to England in 1938; life before the war, including his family’s Jewish traditions, his father’s occupation, his education, living conditions, neighbors, and his friends; the antisemitic events that affected him; the impact of his brother-in-law’s deportation to a Russian labor camp in 1941; moving to Budapest, Hungary with his family in 1942; the relocation of his sister, aunt, and uncle to Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Theresienstadt; the fate of his pediatrician and school principal; the antisemitic laws; his father’s detainment and deportation to the Kecskemet ghetto; declaring himself a Christian to avoid deportation to a death camp; fleeing with his mother to a farm in northern Hungary and their lives there; his mother changing his birth certificate Mosaic to Roman-Catholic; visiting his father in Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary; his mother’s successful attempt to get his father released; living in Gizella 32; his father’s experience avoiding deportation to a forced labor camp; encountering Russian soldier at his family’s residence in January 1945; life after the war; the help he received from the Joint; his Bar Mitzvah in 1944 and the theft of his tallit; his experiences under a communist government; moving to Vienna, Austria to be with his sister; his parents’ relocation to Vienna a year later; immigrating to Chile at the outbreak of the Korean War; and visiting his home country years later.

Interviewee
José Deutsch
Interviewer
Sonia Brodsky
Date
2010 October 28  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 digital files : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:44:21
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73243