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Oral history interview with Tina Pardo

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.65 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0065

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Tina Pardo Roesti, born in Monastir (Bitola), Macedonia in 1937, describes her childhood and being an only child; her parents, Leon and Esperanza; living in the Christian neighborhood, where the better off people lived, and was separated from the Jewish neighborhood by the Dragor River; her grandparents living in the Jewish section of town and visiting them often; being sent to a preschool ran by French nuns at age four; her father’s textile store; life changing once the war began; her father’s strategy to avoid losing their home because they were Jewish; her family preparing to leave their home and sending their belongings into a ship called Apatria (possibly the Patria, which sank in 1940); not making it to the ship in time; being ordered to move to the Jewish section of town; her father warning other Jews to leave as her family left town; going to Ohrid, Macedonia; her family being saved by partisans and taken to Albania; being shot at by Germans as they escaped with the partisans; adopting new identities and getting false papers; passing as Christian refugees from Italy; arriving in Podradetz (Pogradec), Albania and their encounters with Italian authorities; some of her relatives failing the interrogation and being sent back to Monastir; arriving in Tirana, Albania; and staying in the best hotel; receiving help from one of her family’s Albanese clients; renting a home from the Stermasi family who knew they were Jews; the effects of the war on her mother and aunt; the Royal Air Force bombing Tirana by mistake; attending school; finding new living quarters; deciding to leave Tirana because they believed they were under surveillance by the Germans; going to the mountains in Brar, Albania, where they stayed for two months; her mother hurting her back and the family returning to Tirana; her father’s help to the partisans; her father searching for relatives in Monastir; her family going to Bari, Italy; going to Rome, Italy then Milan; surviving economically because they had sewn gold coins into their vestments; staying in Italy for four years; her family’s immigration to Chile; going to Uruguay; and acclimating to a new country, which her parents were never able to do.

Interviewee
Tina Pardo
Interviewer
Ilana Solowiejczyk
Date
2011 October 18  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Extent
2 digital files : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:54:25
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73349