Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Rita Herdan

Oral History | Accession Number: 2013.294.38 | RG Number: RG-50.693.0038

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rita Herdan (née Rujel Leie), born on June 1, 1921 in Czernowitz, Bukovina, Romania (Chernivtsi, Ukraine), describes her Austrian parents; speaking German at home; attending a German school and later a Romanian school; experiencing antisemitism even before the war; her family’s many non-Jewish friends; living very well, in a beautiful house with a garden and fruit trees; wanting to attend college during the Soviet occupation and her father preventing her; her brother’s conscription into the army when the war started; the evacuation of people from Czernowitz; being sent to the ghetto; her mother giving all her belongings to neighbors for safe keeping and their refusal to return them; her father bribing an official so they could return to Czernowitz; how their house had been emptied; being helped by German and Romanian friends; her father working in a polyclinic; being afraid of the Russians; being forced to chop trees; the Russians sending people to the Urals to work; her father hiding her in the polyclinic; escaping Czernowitz; trying to get to the Joint in Bucharest, Romania to unite with her brother; her brother’s pursuit of a career in art; working in Bucharest as a secretary and tutoring the daughter of the German kitchen worker of the Joint in exchange for food; reuniting with her parents in Bucharest after the war; her parents obtaining a visa for her to go to Chile; the six month voyage, including a sojourn of three months in Paris, France; managing to bring her parents and brother to Chile; and her life in Chile.

Interviewee
Rita Herdan
Interviewer
Taryn Revesz
Date
2011 November 14  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fundación Memoria Viva
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn73267