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Oral history interview with Rose Liberman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.10.1 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0219

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rose Liberman (née Szternberg), born on July 27, 1927 in Kielce, Poland, discusses her childhood; losing her mother in 1933 and being sent to live with her aunt and uncle in Sosnowice, Poland; attending public school and Hebrew school; not experiencing any antisemitism before the war; moving into the ghetto in 1940; wearing a yellow star on her arm; having little food; sweeping snow off the streets, cleaning toilets, and working in a factory sewing German uniforms; going in 1942 with other girls in black buses at night to Srodula for a few days and then to Ober Altstadt in Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), where the lagerführer was Irma Hoffman; sleeping on a straw mattress; standing outside for appel; wearing the star on her arm and on the back of her blue uniform; wearing wooden clogs and walking 10 km to the factory, where she spun wet yarn onto big heavy rolls and put them out to dry; a pregnant woman giving birth and then smothering the baby; the women supporting each other emotionally and physically; bombs falling and going into tunnels in the mountains for protection; being liberated on May 9, 1945; going by truck to Reichenbach, Germany and registering; going to Agudah, a religious organization for food, lodging, and clothes; meeting her husband, Alek, who was from Lodz, Poland; learning English from a British professor; going to Sweden with Alek and relatives on a coal boat, lying for two days on top of coal that gave off fumes; arriving in Helsingborg, Sweden, then going to Halmstad, Sweden and registering with police as Holocaust survivors; living with a Swedish family; working in a blouse factory; learning Swedish; getting married in 1949; learning how to type and working in a bank; having a son; immigrating to the United States with the help of the Joint Distribution Committee; settling in San Francisco, CA and having a daughter; going to business college and becoming a payroll clerk; visiting Israel; her husband’s death in 2009; being thankful for the U.S. but dreaming of her lost family very often; and, though she smiles and sings with others, she is sad by herself.

Interviewee
Rose Liberman
Interviewer
Gail Schwartz
Date
2014 February 20  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 digital file : WAV.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:09:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn77219