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Oral history interview with Vera Moskoukina

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.22 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0022

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Vera Moskoukina, born March 13, 1929 in Smolensk, Russia, discusses her mother’s numerous Jewish friends (including Lilya Estrina and Faina Arkadyevna Karbalenkova); the beginning of WWII and being injured during the bombing of Smolensk; the Jewish ghetto in Smolensk; seeing Jews wearing yellow stars on their clothing; life under the German occupation; her mother’s friend, Lilya Estrina, who was among the first people to be arrested; hiding her mother’s friend Faina Arkadyevna and her daughter in the basement under their room for over a year; witnessing as Faina and her daughter, Alya, were arrested by the Germans and never knowing what happened to them; being taken with her mother to a camp in Orsha, Belarus when she was 14 years old and her mother was 34; being taken a few months later to Minsk, Belarus and from there in cattle cars to Germany for forced labor; being held in the Dabendorf camp and forced to clean the railroad after the Allied bombings; building a secret railroad; the prisoners in the camp, none of whom were Jewish and included Russian, Belarusian, and Ukrainian women and their teenage children; and being liberated from the camp on April 22, 1945.

Interviewee
Vera Moskoukina
Date
2014 July 12  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87818