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Oral history interview with Zinaida Golovacheva

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.34 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0034

Zinaida Golovacheva, born in 1930 in the village of Vyazoiki, Russia, discusses living in Kapustino (possibly Khalyutino), Russia during the war; the numerous Jews in the neighboring town, Rudnya; the beginning of the war; her father joining the army while her mother took care of the four children; the German occupation and the round up of Jews; Jews having to wear yellow patches on their sleeves; the execution of Jews beginning in the summer of 1941; seeing people brought to the execution site by truck and murdered with machine guns; hearing the shots and people screaming; the executions taking place over several days; how the last person to be murdered there was Korotchenko, whom people said was a policeman and helped Germans execute Jews; seeing bodies at the execution site, which was a pit; the local camp that held approximately 100 prisoners, who worked extracting swamp peat for fuel; a camp worker who killed a police-guard (Yurka) for criticizing the quality of his work; the cruelty of the Vlasovtsy (Russian Liberation Army); and how only four Jewish men with their families returned to Rudnya after the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Zinaida Golovacheva
interview:  2014 July 17
creation: Rudnia (Smolenskaia oblast', Russia)
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-06-15 12:29:24
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