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Schaap travels to Palestine via Italy in 1935

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.524 | RG Number: RG-60.1514 | Film ID: 4101

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    Schaap travels to Palestine via Italy in 1935


    Maurits Schaap visited his brother Meijer in Palestine in December 1935. Maurits showed the films to the Jewish community of Rotterdam after he returned.

    "ROTTERDAM-PALESTINA vice-versa, Camera: Mau Schaap. Caricaturen: Joseph Rosenberg. Chanoekah 5696" Title card: "VERTREK STATION D.P. met opnamen van Rotterdam - Parÿs - Milaan - Monza - Venetië - Triëst". Busy train station after 11AM. People moving about the station and getting on and off trains. The cameraman, shown to be Maurits Schaap from the title card, boards a train and films through an exterior window of the departure and the landscape. Platform at an intermediate stop. Train moves. 01:02:34 Sign for "AMSTERDAM," followed by "Den Haag, Roosendaal, Antwerpen Oost, Brussel Zuid" and then "Anvers Est, Bruxelles Midi, Paris Nord", followed by an underlined destination, "Paris PLM." Men smoke on the train before an intermediate stop is made at St. Quentin. The train arrives in Paris: busy streets, Arc de Triomphe. Scenery. "Paris - Modane" station, and the journey continues. 01:05:24 Train arrives. City streets, street trolley with the sign "DIRETTO MILANO MONZA". Inside a moving car, people, marketplaces. Train to the coast, possibly on arrival to Manzano in northeastern Italy. Market scene.

    01:08:11 Man stands next to sign marked "TEL-AVIV" pointing toward where the boat is waiting. Title card "INSCHEPING met het leven aan boord van s.s. Tel Awiv". Ships at dock, S.S. Tel Aviv, mast and flags. Passengers line up with their luggage and board the vessel. 01:11:41 Small band plays music. The ship departs. People from the shore wave. The coastline, the city and the hills. Title: "DE BEMANNING met caricaturen van personeel en passagiers". Tour of the ship, signs, structure, and passengers. 01:13:08 Man wears an officer's uniform with a Jewish star on his right sleeve. He grabs binoculars and surveys the horizon. Equipment and tools on the vessel. Sea and coast. Dining hall. Waiters and other staff greet the camera and lay out tableware. Passengers relax in the sun on benches. Flotation devices with words "TEL-AVIV" and "HAIFA". Man works with an unknown machine, possibly stamping and pressing envelopes. Officer uses a sextant to estimate the position of the ship. Meeting of the ship's officers. The Captain distributes messages. The officers wear Star of David armbands. List of crew with names in Hebrew. 01:20:46 Hand-drawn caricatures of crew with labels. Profile of man with black hair, "Der Rofe". Man smoking a pipe. "Sonnen Scheint", man playing the violin. "Dr. Oberchasan", a man painting. "L'Homme Invisible", a man in black pants with a white shirt and bowtie. "Der Ober Stuart", a balding man wearing a uniform with a Star of David on his left sleeve. "Gottschalk", profile of a man with a cigarette, glasses, and a tie. "Der Deutsche Horra Tanzer aus sud amerika", a man with arms and legs contorted in a dancing form. "Vom Skat!" a man with eyes closed clasping something in his left hand. 01:21:47 Passengers dance in a circle. More signs on the ship. The ship arrives at its destination of Tel Aviv. Other ships in the port sit at anchor. Preparation for arrival.

    01:24:15 Title: "AANKOMST te HAIFA met reis HAIFA - AFULEH - RAMATAIM". Going ashore in a small boat and passing through customs. Exploring the city, signs, people. Broken-down bus. Title: "Ramataim - Tel Awiv - Jaffa". Young boy (less than five years old) and a two men (father?) playing in a fruit garden. They pick fruit and throw it back and forth. City views. Man digs, farms. Horse drawn carts roll along the street in front of apartment buildings. People greet the camera. 01:31:22 Man in front of posters. Some streets are wet from a street cleaner car. Farming activity in rural area. Young boy. 01:37:38 Coastal area with ships, a dock, and people working. Shipments of unknown goods loaded onto boats, hundreds of boxes. Marketplace where fruits, textiles, and other goods are exchanged. Camels. Interacting with family and friends. Camels and construction. Title card, "GAN JELADIEM met leermethode; de kinderen op weg naar de filmvoorstelling". Young students play outside the school. Layout and decorations of an empty classroom. The students fill the classroom, and their instructor teaches a lesson in spelling. Donkeys. School group with students walking in pairs down a hill. Electrical tower's transformer. 01:47:13 Man stands next to a sign with a shell on it in Hebrew (maybe for the Shell oil company - Royal Dutch Shell). Children and the young boy play outside. Electric signs and a shop open late. City life, including camels, people, and horse drawn carriages moving along the streets. Fruit garden and young boy seen earlier. The family picks fruit into a basket. Baby chicks. 01:51:50 Title, "JERUZALEM met Universiteit, KKL-gebouwen en Koningsgraven". Young boys play in courtyard of a school. Touring university and other sites, observing people and structures. Camels.
    Event:  December 1935
    Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Paris, France
    Tel Aviv, Palestine
    Haifa, Palestine
    Jerusalem, Israel
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eli Schaap
    Camera Operator: Maurits Schaap
    Maurits Schaap was in hiding in Axel near Zeeuws-Vlaanderen.

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    01:00:00:00 to 01:54:48:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 4101 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD
      Master 4101 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD
      Master 4101 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD
      Master 4101 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Eli Schaap
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. For permission, please contact the rights holder, Mr. Eli Schaap.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Eli Schaap donated digital copies of a selection of his father's 8mm films to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014. He had all of his father's films transferred to video at Brodsky & Treadway in 1998 and 1999, and donated video copies to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive in Jerusalem in 2000.
    Videotape label: "Father's movies: Palestine 1935, Rolls A thru C"
    Continues with part two on Film ID 4102.
    Copied From
    8mm Gevaert-cine film, b/w
    Film Source
    Eli Schaap
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 5740
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:06:26
    This page:

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