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Prewar and immediate postwar events in the Netherlands; anti-Jewish sign torn down

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.524 | RG Number: RG-60.1526 | Film ID: 4106

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    Prewar and immediate postwar events in the Netherlands; anti-Jewish sign torn down


    The Allies commissioned this four part documentary from Maurits Schaap after liberation.

    Titles: "Zeeuwsch Vlaanderen", "Documentaire Film der Verwoesting", "Vervaardigd met Medewerking van het M.G. Te Sluiskil, Sept. 1944 - April 1945", "Opgenomen en Gemonteerd Door M.S. Schaap". Title "Er Was Eens Een Vrij Nederland". Scenes of prewar Netherlands: cathedral, horses at work, boats on the water, planes at an airport, and people at a beach. Title, "Er Was Eens Een Welvarend Zeeland". Prewar Netherlands, including streets and waterways. A clock tower and "Hotel Nieuwe Doelen." Musicians play in the street as people conduct their normal business. Title, "Er Was Eens Een Onbeschadigd Breskens" Arrival of a ferry and the disembarkation of people and their vehicles.

    05:04:16 Title, "Nadat de Kruit-Damp Opgetrok-Ken is..." The film shifts to postwar Netherlands. Mangled anti-aircraft gun batteries, abandoned tanks, overturned vehicles, and destroyed trains mix with the metal wreckage of aircraft. Signs in multiple languages. Title: "Herneemt Het Normaal Leven Zijn Loop". Horses walk along a clear path while a farmer tends to pigs housed in a crudely constructed pen. A young filly walks with a mare, and a woman milks a cow.
    Title, "Met Man En Macht Wordt Aan De Opruiming Begonnen". Farmer's family feeds chickens. Men clear debris.

    05:07:56 Title, "Zij Gaven Hun Leven Voor Onze Vrijheid" Cemetery with gravemarkers and flowers. Names and dates are legible. Title cards, "Met Het Wegvoeren Der Krijgsgevangenen En Landverraders", "Verdween Tevens De Rassentheorie". Sign targeting the Jewish population. "Voor Joden verboden" sign is pulled down and torn to shreds by a man wearing a suit.

    05:09:07 Title cards, "Een Opgeblazen Brug Wordt Vervangen En Spoedig Daveren Geallieerde", "Colonnes Er Over". Destroyed and mangled metal near a newly constructed bridge, which someone has labeled "Gdynia Bridge." Civilians, Allied military, and a Red Cross vehicle use this bridge and nearby roadways to transport personnel and material. Title cards, "De Door Londen Aangewezen "Nieuwe" Burgermeester Begint Direct Na", "De Bevrijding", "Aan De Opruiming Van De Augiusstal, De Erfenis", "Van Vier Jaar Duitsche Bescherming". Damaged walls and scenes of destruction underlay an image of a man talking on a phone. Newspaper covers are tossed down on a table. Title, "Het M.G. de central, waar alle Draden Samenkomen". Central office of the commissariat of Zealand, employees, British and the Netherlands flags fly. Title, "De ordonnans rukt uit". Allied forces move out. Title, "Aflossing der wacht bij het militaire gezag". Men stand guard along the perimeter of a building. Title, "Einde eerste deel"
    Event:  1930-1945
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eli Schaap
    Camera Operator: Maurits Schaap
    Maurits Schaap
    Maurits Schaap was in hiding in Axel near Zeeuws-Vlaanderen.

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    05:00:02:00 to 05:13:13:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 4106 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD
      Master 4106 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD
      Master 4106 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD
      Master 4106 Digital: ProRes 422 - HD

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Eli Schaap
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. For permission, please contact the rights holder, Mr. Eli Schaap.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Eli Schaap donated digital copies of a selection of his father's 8mm films to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014. He had all of his father's films transferred to video at Brodsky & Treadway in 1998 and 1999, and donated video copies to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive in Jerusalem in 2000.
    Videotape label: "Liberation [of the Netherlands], Rolls 5A,5B,5C,5D"
    Copied From
    8mm Gevaert-cine film, b/w
    Film Source
    Eli Schaap
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 5752
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:06:24
    This page:

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