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Prewar Jewish life in the Netherlands; Haamstede Airfield; Jewish orphanage

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.524 | RG Number: RG-60.1516 | Film ID: 4103

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    Prewar Jewish life in the Netherlands; Haamstede Airfield; Jewish orphanage


    Street scenes in the early 1930s in Rotterdam. Salomon Schaap (on far left) and Naatje Keizer Schaap (in middle), the cameraman's parents, walk together in the streets, arm in arm. Shop sign. They enter the cheese shop they owned. The family lived behind this shop. The man in the light-colored suit who follows them into the shop is Emanuel Schaap (died in Mauthausen in 1944). Maurits exits the car and gets a hair cut in barber shop. Man waves. Visit to a vegetable garden owned by a sister or aunt. Older man with a yarmulke and Naatje. They walk towards the camera. Louis Schaap, the cameraman's brother, smokes a cigar while walking in the street. Signs for businesses, family members walk towards camera. HAS, kids play in the street. Canals, pan up church tower. People in boat down canal. Steam ships on river. Water views, pans of buildings in port town. "Tea Room". "President Kruger" on side of ship. Man in top-hat walks directly up to camera. Ship, water, and street scenes. Man seen earlier gets into car. Travelogue. Sign: "Hasselt", a city in Belgium, general views.

    06:10:07 Plane overhead in sky, landing on runway at Haamstede Airfield, KLM. Crowd gathers in hangar. Gentlemen disembark Fokker plane numbered PH-AKQ (in service between 1935 and 1940). View from air. KLM on building. Cockpit of plane. 06:12:25 Brief cartoon of Felix the cat with titles in English. 06:13:32 Holland street scenes. Woman with young boy backs away from camera. Plays ball with boy outside of house. INT, woman holds baby.

    06:15:11 EXT Wagons lined on grass - possibly a Romani encampment. Children playing in FG. Four Roma (?) men in sweaters walk toward camera.

    06:15:51 Street scene with bicycles and other traffic, probably in Holland. 06:16:15 Family (same gentleman in top-hat from earlier) poses for the camera and jokes around. A group of men fix a car.

    EXT, children at the Jewish orphanage in Leiden, run by a sister or aunt in the Schaap family. Girls pose in front of residence. Man approaches with his bicycle, children watch as he tinkers with the bike. Children gather for group shot, including a man with a yarmulke. The staff of the Jewish orphanage pose on the porch, including a Schaap family member, the man with the yarmulke, and the woman with a lab-coat.

    Canal. Farm. INT, textile store (possibly associated with Family Naeije?). "Amstel Bier" sign. 06:19:10 Shipyard. People pose for camera in streets, presumably in the Hague. Blonde looks over shoulder while leaning on lamp post. LS, the boardwalk area on the coast in the Hague, possibly postwar. Automobiles, people stroll and eat in outdoor café. Two women, probably members of an anti-Nazi Christian family who helped the Schaaps with cleaning after WWII when they were billeted at a house previously occupied by a Nazi. The women exit then enter store; one walks toward camera and laughs.
    Event:  1930s
    Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Hague, Netherlands
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eli Schaap
    Camera Operator: Maurits Schaap
    Maurits Schaap was in hiding in Axel near Zeeuws-Vlaanderen.

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    06:00:00:00 to 06:21:15:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 4103 Digital: ProRes 422 - color - HD
      Master 4103 Digital: ProRes 422 - color - HD
      Master 4103 Digital: ProRes 422 - color - HD
      Master 4103 Digital: ProRes 422 - color - HD

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Eli Schaap
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum does not own the copyright for this material and does not have authority to authorize third party use. For permission, please contact the rights holder, Mr. Eli Schaap.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Eli Schaap donated digital copies of a selection of his father's 8mm films to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014. He had all of his father's films transferred to video at Brodsky & Treadway in 1998 and 1999, and donated video copies to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive in Jerusalem in 2000.
    Videotape label: "Father's movies: 1930s events, Reels 1A,1B,1C,2A,3A,3B"

    The Jewish orphanage in Leiden opened in 1929 and was run by one of the Schaaps who died in the mid-1930s. Her husband is pictured in the group portrait in RG-60.1516. Those who lived at the orphanage were the last Jews to be deported from Leiden on March 17, 1943. Leiden police officers and the 'Grüne Polizei' deported 51 children and nine members of staff from the Jewish orphanage to Westerbork and on to concentration camps, where all but four died.
    Copied From
    8mm b/w
    Film Source
    Eli Schaap
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 5742
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 08:05:16
    This page:

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