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Oral history interview with János Kopka

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.5 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0005

Janos Kopka, a retired journalist, approximately 79 years old at the time of the interview in Nyiregyhaza, Hungary, discusses his mother’s refusal to keep valuables belonging to a Jewish neighbor; hearing antisemitic songs as a boy; witnessing Jews being rounded up in Nyiregyhaza and a procession of people being taken to the ghetto; overcrowding and hunger in the ghetto; hearing about Mayor Pal Szohor announcing the city clean of Jews in the summer of 1944; using his horse and cart to transport elderly and sick Jews to Nyirjes; witnessing gendarmes throw to the ground physically weak Jews who were unable to get off the cart; seeing vacated houses looted and boarded up; being told where stolen goods were being distributed; his view of why people did not behave honorably; a group of boys singing antisemitic songs in the streets; hiding under the seats in a movie theater during the Jud Suss film; his understanding of Germany’s invasion of Poland and the start of the war; non-Jews inhabiting vacant Jewish houses; his father taking him to the town square where Jewish-owned furniture was for sale; and his father's refusal to purchase the furniture.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
János Kopka
Borbála Kriza
interview:  2011 May 26
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-03-26 06:45:35
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