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Oral history interview with Margit Hársfalvi

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.35 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0035

Margit Hársfalvi (Hársfalvi Laszlone Szeles Margit), born in 1930, discusses her friendships with Jews in the predominately Catholic town of Balassagyarmat, Hungary; her patronage of Jewish-owned businesses; increasing antisemitism in 1938-39; her Jewish classmate Sandor Goldmann, who challenged their school teacher after the teacher read portions of Hitler’s Mein Kampf and used derogatory terms in the classroom; singing an antisemitic song even though she did not understand the meaning; seeing gendarmes who usually came to the village by bicycle; her aunt who kept packages of clothing for a Jewish neighbor, Mrs. Goldmann, prior to her deportation; hearing about authorities searching houses for items belonging to Jews; looting of the Goldmann family’s store following their deportation; seeing Jewish families being led away in carts by gendarmes; hearing rumors about Jews being relocated to Israel or Egypt instead of concentration camps; the postwar return of members of the Goldmann family who reopened their store; seeing Imre Goldmann’s wife’s camp tattoo; hearing stories about how Imre Goldmann’s wife escaped the gas chamber and later, a Russian’s soldier’s attempt to sexual assault her; political changes in Hungary; and hardships after the arrival of Soviet forces, including the beating and rape of women by Russian soldiers.

Image
Interviewee
Margit Hársfalvi
Interviewer
Borbála Kriza
Date
interview:  2012 June 04
Language
Hungarian
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-19 10:30:48
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50821