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Oral history interview with Mária Pozsgai

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.32 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0032

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Mária Pozsgai, born in 1927, Győrszentiván, Hungary, discusses events and changes in Győrszentiván during the Holocaust; the Jewish families in her town with Szusz, Vogl, Deutsch, and Wittmann surnames; the Szusz family’s textile store; Mrs. Szusz, who was the only one of her family to return after the war; Mrs. Szusz hiding textiles in the walls of the store before the family’s deportation; a mason who betrayed the whereabouts of the textiles to local authorizes; Mrs. Szusz’s donation of her house to the state years later; playing with children of employees of the Wittmann farm; hearing that the Szusz family was taken away by the Arrow Cross; the names of young Arrow Cross members and their activities; the Arrow Cross leader Agoston Boroczki’s sentence to 12 years in jail after the war; hearing Arrow Cross propaganda slogans; witnessing the deportation of columns of Jews from a village near Gyor; how the group of deportees was guarded by gendarmes and members of the Arrow Cross; her personal beliefs about the war and the complicity the Hungarian army with Germany; hearing gunshots and learning later that some of the weaker deportees were shot in the back of the neck; Hungarian and Russian soldiers searching for two mass graves close to the Danube after the war; meetings with local communities who may have had some ideas about the location of the graves; hearing about Julianna Eisenberger who hid four Jewish women in the attic of a pigsty; Julianna’s father, Mihaly Eisenberger, who transported each of the four women individually by bicycle to the Gyor train station; the capture and deportation of two of the women at the train station; the return of the other two women to Budapest after the war; Feri Festetics, a university student in Budapest who housed a young Jewish girl in his village, hiding her Jewish identity; the reunion of the girl and her parents after the war; and a Russian captain who lodged in her house after the arrival of Soviet forces in Hungary.

Interviewee
Dr. Mária Pozsgai
Interviewer
Borbála Kriza
Date
2012 June 03  (interview)
Language
Hungarian
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50818