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Oral history interview with Mária Pozsgai

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.32 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0032

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Mária Pozsgai, born in 1927, Győrszentiván, Hungary, discusses events and changes in Győrszentiván during the Holocaust; the Jewish families in her town with Szusz, Vogl, Deutsch, and Wittmann surnames; the Szusz family’s textile store; Mrs. Szusz, who was the only one of her family to return after the war; Mrs. Szusz hiding textiles in the walls of the store before the family’s deportation; a mason who betrayed the whereabouts of the textiles to local authorizes; Mrs. Szusz’s donation of her house to the state years later; playing with children of employees of the Wittmann farm; hearing that the Szusz family was taken away by the Arrow Cross; the names of young Arrow Cross members and their activities; the Arrow Cross leader Agoston Boroczki’s sentence to 12 years in jail after the war; hearing Arrow Cross propaganda slogans; witnessing the deportation of columns of Jews from a village near Gyor; how the group of deportees was guarded by gendarmes and members of the Arrow Cross; her personal beliefs about the war and the complicity the Hungarian army with Germany; hearing gunshots and learning later that some of the weaker deportees were shot in the back of the neck; Hungarian and Russian soldiers searching for two mass graves close to the Danube after the war; meetings with local communities who may have had some ideas about the location of the graves; hearing about Julianna Eisenberger who hid four Jewish women in the attic of a pigsty; Julianna’s father, Mihaly Eisenberger, who transported each of the four women individually by bicycle to the Gyor train station; the capture and deportation of two of the women at the train station; the return of the other two women to Budapest after the war; Feri Festetics, a university student in Budapest who housed a young Jewish girl in his village, hiding her Jewish identity; the reunion of the girl and her parents after the war; and a Russian captain who lodged in her house after the arrival of Soviet forces in Hungary.

Interviewee
Dr. Mária Pozsgai
Interviewer
Ms. Borbála Kriza
Date
2012 June 03  (interview)
Language
Hungarian
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50818