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Oral history interview with János Bese

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.81 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0081

János Bese, born in 1929 in Budapest, Hungary, describes his childhood and attending an elementary school on Maria Terézia square; his Jewish classmate, György Krausz, who lived with his family at no.1 Jázmin street; the training site for the arrow cross near Ferencváros train station; hearing rumors in 1942 that the Jews would be resettled in Madagascar; hearing antisemitic stories; his father’s sympathy for the political left; living with his family at no.14 Nagytemplom street, in the 8th district; the Jewish family who lived in the same house, the Rosenzweigs, and their 6-year-old daughter, Lili; an incident during which two former Hungarian soldiers chased away Arrow Cross Party members who were trying to take the Rosenzweig family and German soldiers intervening and ultimately taking the Rosenzweigs; speaking with Mrs. Rosenzweigs in July 1945 and finding out that her husband and daughter died during the war; his view on the origins of antisemitism in Hungary; antisemitic jokes that are popular in Hungary; witnessing the fire fight in a building on Népszínház street and Bérkocsis street, during which deserters, labor servicemen, and civilians fought German soldiers and ultimately lost when the Germans brought in a tank; and seeing some of the Hungarian resisters shot in the street.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
János Bese
Borbála Kriza
interview:  2014 September 24
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:54:29
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