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Oral history interview with Júlia Kardos Fogler

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.76 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0076

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Júlia Fogler (née Kardos), born in 1924 in Budapest, Hungary, describes her Christian mother and Jewish father; her father’s work as a printer for the printing firms Atheneum and Glóbusz; being well informed about current affairs because of her father’s involvement with the Zionist movement; her Jewish classmate Kati Schmidt; the hostility of their neighbors because her family had a good income; the rise of antisemitism; her family’s decision to move to Pesterzsébet (part of district 20 in Budapest) to her aunt’s house circa 1942; anti-Jewish propaganda; a neighbor who was part of the Arrow Cross Party; her father having to wear the yellow star and being taken away one day while he was on his way to work; the yellow star house her father lived in on Pannónia street and visiting him there on two occasions; being more frightened of the Arrow Cross soldiers than the German soldiers; her brother’s escape from the levente (paramilitary youth organizations); being constantly harassed by the Arrow Cross Party members; hiding with her mother in a small pit covered with planks; her mother deciding to move to her hometown, Zámoly, Hungary; being regarded as Jews in Zámoly, which was dangerous, and moving to Székesfehérvár then back to Budapest; the jobs of the Jews in Zámoly and hearing about their deportation; getting married to a Jewish man whose entire family was killed and his family house in Kisk Kiskőrös was destroyed; keeping a diary during the war, even when she was hiding, but losing it during their moves; and how after the Germans came in, she invented a code system to write down her thoughts or German jokes.

Interviewee
Júlia Fogler
Interviewer
Ms. Borbála Kriza
Date
2014 May 21  (interview)
Language
Hungarian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:56:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87862