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Oral history interview with István Márton

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.86 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0086

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

István Márton, born in 1932, describes life and the ethnic diversity in Ipolyság/Šahy, Slovakia before the war; his Jewish neighbors in Šahy, including the Kinszki family, the Ertler family, and the Kinszki family; how in 1944 people began to talk about who amongst the Jews in Šahy were taken away; listening to a few of the radios in town; hearing about the camps; the Komlós brothers (who were children of a interfaith marriage) attending levente training; Jews having to wear a star; the creation of a ghetto; listening as the Komlós' discussed whether they would have to wear the star; Mr. Komlós going to the ghetto with his son and later being hidden by a forester in the Börzsöny; the hospital in the ghetto for those with infectious diseases; the closing of Jewish shops in 1944; his family keeping contact with Jewish families (Köves, Komlós, Ertler) up until the point they were moved into the ghetto; his classmate, István Gál, whose father was a gendarme; how after the German occupation of Hungary a chief gendarme, Károly Sziller, was put in control of Šahy and gendarmes were brought from other places and moved in to an emptied school building; going with his father to Tésa, where they met a group of 12 girls, who were taken to work for a land owner for two weeks; the conditions in the ghetto and the brutal treatment of Jews in Šahy; hearing about the interrogations of Jews; the deportation of the Jews and hearing about the atrocities at the train station where the Jews were loaded into wagons to be transported to Balassagyarmat; seeing the furniture of the deported Jews in public offices; the return of few Jews after the war; and his efforts to write a book about this time period in Šahy.

Interviewee
István Márton
Interviewer
Ms. Borbála Kriza
Date
2014 September 25  (interview)
Language
Hungarian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:57:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87897