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Oral history interview with Erzsébet Ványi Kubik

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.96 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0096

Erzsébet Ványi Kubik (Kubik Istvanne Ványi Erzsébet), born on June 6, 1931 in Budapest, Hungary, describes living at Hold Street number 41 until 1956; growing up in a home where there was no discrimination; the Jews living in her neighborhood, including her best friend Zsuzsi, who lived at Hold Street number 9 but did not attend the same school; the Jewish girls in her class and how there was no differentiation between Jewish and Christian students, except that they went to different religious classes; her math teacher who wore a yellow Jewish star; the many incidents that occurred against Jews after the mandate for Jews to wear a yellow star was introduced in 1944; Arrow Cross guards, who had been active even before the German occupation and how they marched and sang songs; Jews from all over being moved into Zsuzsi’s house in 1944; not being allowed to visit or talk to Zsuzsi because the Arrow Cross guards would search people who were friends with Jews; Jews being beaten and kicked when they were taken to the ghettos; Zsuzsi and her family being taken away with the other tenants; living in a government building near the American Embassy; seeing Jews being taken away along Vilmos Czasar Street but not knowing where they were being taken; seeing many rows with about eight people in each row and the Arrow Cross guards kicking, beating, and cursing at the people; the responses of the witnesses of the deportation; hearing that people were taken to the banks of the Danube, lined up, and shot; how her middle brother, who worked for a Jewish company, joined the Arrow Cross and her older brother also joined the Arrow Cross but never went to meetings and did not wear the uniform; her sister also joining the Arrow Cross and working in an office; her siblings’ internment for eight months after the war and the Jewish owner of the business, GYURI, vouched for them by saying that they had not done anything to hurt anyone; and the words to a song the Arrow Cross members sang often.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Erzsébet Ványi Kubik
Borbála Kriza
interview:  2015 September 13
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-03-01 09:23:19
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