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Oral history interview with Gábor Oláh

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.9 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0009

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Gábor Oláh, born in 1929 in Buj, Hungary, discusses peaceful relationships with Jewish neighbors prewar; how Jews were integrated into society; his memories of going to Jewish homes and lighting their candles during Shabbat; the arrival of Arrow Cross soldiers who patrolled town streets and recruited the poor and uneducated; the Arrow Cross waving flags and shouting antisemitic slogans; hearing about antisemitic measures such as inspectors who purposefully tried to find fault with Jewish shops; hearing that Jews were notified by local authorities to gather the following morning with personal belongings; his memories of his Jewish neighbors who brought their valuables to his father to safeguard; villagers who cried and waved goodbye while watching Jews ride in horse carts out of the village; his memories of how the gendarmes had nothing to do because the procession was peaceful; onlookers who watched the march and speculated whether it would be their turn next; seeing children wearing the yellow Star of David badges; learning that the Jews were taken to a beer factory outside Nyiregyhaza; hearing priests at church deliver sermons condemning the deportation; the absence of looting of properties and soldiers occupying larger homes during the German occupation; some survivors’ repatriation after the war; survivors who were able to gain back their property; and hearing about the postwar lives of survivors.

Interviewee
Gábor Oláh
Interviewer
Borbála Kriza
Date
2011 October 02  (interview)
Language
Hungarian
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:41:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50677