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Drawing of 2 young girls for a planned illustrated book by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.10

Ink illustration of 2 young girls embracing for a book planned by Nelly Rossmann. It is one in a series of unpublished book illustrations. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Following the Reichstag Fire in late February, Germany became a police state. Jews were no longer allowed to work in certain professions and anti-Jewish legislation was enacted. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish and in 1935, she was fired from her job due to a government decree that Jews could not work in the publishing industry. Nelly began offering craft lessons to support her five year old son, Michael, whose non-Jewish father she had divorced in 1933. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave her country. In 1939, she and Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and after the war ended in May 1945, she became a British citizen.

Artwork Title
Trixie put her arms around the shaking forms of her chum
creation:  1940-1945
creation: London (England)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:52:06
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