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Drawing of a rectory in Bodenheim, Germany by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.65

Ink drawing of a rectory in Bodenheim, Germany created by Nelly Rossmann. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Following the Reichstag Fire in late February, Germany became a police state and anti-Jewish legislation was enacted. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish and in 1935, she was fired from her job due to a government decree that Jews could not work in the publishing industry. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave. In 1939, she and her nine year old son, Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England, and after the war ended in May 1945 became British citizens.

Artwork Title
Pfarrhaus von Bodenheim
Alternate Title
Rectory house in Bodenheim
creation:  1934
creation: Bodenheim am Rhein (Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
Record last modified: 2023-07-10 10:36:40
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