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Ink sketch of a factory and bridge along a river by a refugee from Nazi Germany

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.55

Ink sketch created by Nelly Rossmann in 1934 of a factory and bridge on the Rhine River in Hamborn, Germany. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born and in 1935, she was fired from her job due to a government decree that Jews could not work in the publishing industry. After Kristallnacht in November 1938, her parents left for England. Nelly sent her eight year old, Michael, to a Quaker school in the Netherlands, but she still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave. In 1939, she and Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England, and after the war ended in May 1945, became British citizens.

Artwork Title
Der Rhein bei Hamborn
creation:  1934
depiction: Rhine River; Hamborn (Duisburg, Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:49:44
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