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Newspaper ad paste-up for the Muller Circus by a German Jewish female designer

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.113

Paste-up for a newspaper advertisement for the Muller Circus featuring an elephant created by Nelly Rossmann in Frankfurt around 1930. A paste-up or mechanical was a camera ready copy of a design prepared for photographing to make a printing plate. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Antisemitic legislation soon took away the rights of Jews. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish, and in 1935, she was fired due to a decree that Jews could not work in publishing. Nelly taught children crafts to support her 5 year old son, Michael. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave her country. In 1939, she and Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, she became a British citizen.

creation:  approximately 1930
creation: Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Information Forms
Commercial art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
Record last modified: 2023-07-10 10:37:35
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