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Sketch of buildings along a Grecian shoreline drawn by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.46

Ink drawing of a water view of Chersonesos, Crete, created by Nelly Rossmann in 1934. Nelly's brother Willy Schwabacher was an prominent archeologist. He worked on excavations in Turkey, Italy, and Greece for the German Archaeological Institute and this drawing may be based on photographs from his travels. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Following the Reichstag Fire in late February, Germany became a police state and anti-Jewish legislation was enacted. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish and in 1935, fired due to a decree that Jews could not work in publishing After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave. In 1939, she and her son Michael, 9, went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, became British citizens.

Artwork Title
Blick auf Chersonesos, Crete, 1934
1934  (creation)
creation : Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
depiction : Chersonesos (Crete, Greece)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:04:53
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