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Ink sketch of a sailboat with tied sail created by a German Jewish female designer

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.103

Ink drawing of a sailboat in a harbor in Heraklion, Crete, created by Nelly Rossmann in 1934. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Antisemitic legislation soon took away the rights of Jews. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish, and in 1935, she was fired due to a decree that Jews could not work in publishing. Nelly taught children crafts to support her 5 year old son, Michael. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave her country. In 1939, she and Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, she became a British citizen.

Artwork Title
Bei Heraklaoin
1934  (creation)
depiction : Erakleion (Greece)
creation : Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Object Type
Marine drawing (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:26
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