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Drawing of 17th century cottages with tile roofs by a refugee from Nazi Germany

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.54

Ink drawing created by Nelly Rossmann of the 17th century poorhouse in Barnet, England. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Antisemitic legislation soon took away the rights of Jews. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish, and in 1935, she was fired due to a decree that Jews could not work in publishing. Nelly taught children crafts to support her 5 year old son, Michael. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave her country. In 1939, she and Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, they became British citizens.

Artwork Title
Das Armenhaus in Barnet aus dem 17. Jahrhundert
Alternate Title
The Poorhouse in Barnet. 17th Century
Date
1941  (creation)
Geography
creation : Barnet (London, England)
depiction : 17th century poorhouse; Barnet (London, England)
Language
German
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn517979