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Drawing of oil towers and pools by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.30

Ink drawing of oil towers around square pools created by Nelly Rossmann. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Antisemitic legislation soon took away the rights of Jews. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish, and in 1935, she was fired due to a decree that Jews could not work in publishing. Nelly taught children crafts to support her 5 year old son, Michael. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave her country. In 1939, she and Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, they became British citizens.

Artwork Title
Öl Türme von Bahn
Alternate Title
Oil towers from the Railroad
creation:  1920-1939
creation: Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Object Type
Ink drawings (tgm)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
Record last modified: 2023-07-10 10:36:18
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