Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Illustration of cranes and barges at the wharf by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.32

Ink drawing of the quayside in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, created by Nelly Rossmann. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Following the Reichstag Fire in late February, Germany became a police state and anti-Jewish legislation was enacted. Nelly was a Quaker, but she had been born Jewish. In 1935, she was fired from her job due to a government decree that Jews could not work in the publishing industry. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave. In 1939, she and her nine year old son, Michael went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, became British citizens.

Artwork Title
Schiffe an der Kaimauer
Alternate Title
Ship at the Quayside
creation:  1934
creation: Newcastle upon Tyne (England)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:28:59
This page: