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Oral history interview with Ilona Blair

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.12 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0012

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ilona Blair, born December 12, 1929 in Uzhorod, Czechoslovakia (Uzhhorod, Ukraine), discusses Hungarians taking over her town and depriving Jews of rights; how her father refused an offer to enter into hiding; being forced to move into the ghetto in her hometown; being transported to and arriving at Auschwitz on May 20, 1944; the conditions at the camp; being told about the gas chambers and not believing it at first; being moved to Hamburg, Germany; the bombing of Hamburg; having to escape the bomb shelter because of the bombing; fleeing to the nearest field; realizing the end of the war was coming; being taken to Bergen-Belsen; being told that she would not leave the camp alive; seeing the SS change into civilian clothes in order to avoid getting caught; how the guards tried to save their own lives, going to the prisoners’ quarters because they were in fear of being bombed; how half the transport died in the ten days that they were in Bergen-Belsen; contracting typhus just before liberation; being liberated; going to Sweden; being treated in a hospital in Sweden and then living there for two years; finding out that her sisters were alive; moving to Australia with her sister; having mixed reactions to the Jewish community in Australia; and meeting her husband.

Interviewee
Ilona Blair
Date
1989 November 25  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43040