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Oral history interview with Olga Grunbaum

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.18 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0018

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    Oral history interview with Olga Grunbaum


    Interview Summary
    Olga Grunbaum, born May 9, 1928 in Neresnice, Czechoslovakia (Neresnytsia, Ukraine), discusses her family; how her father was taken away; being sent to Hungary to be an apprentice; returning home when the Germans took over in 1944; being home for three days before her entire village was taken to a ghetto in Mateszalka, Hungary; being moved to Auschwitz; getting separated from her mother and sister; seeing the gas chambers and crematoria; how a woman in her barrack gave birth; suspected medical experimentation; being taken to the hospital; two encounters with Dr. Mengele; meeting a Sonderkommando member, Abraham Turofsky, who was later killed; meeting a cousin who would be her only surviving relative; leaving Auschwitz in October 1944; staying in Ravensbrück for two weeks before being sent to work in an airplane parts factory in Lippstadt, Germany; her contact with German civilians at the end of the war; escaping during the last month before liberation; seeing the first Russian soldiers; returning to Budapest, Hungary; meeting her husband; being warned that she was on a death list in 1956 and going into hiding; immigrating to Australia in 1966; and how she is still haunted by her experiences during the war.
    Olga Grunbaum
    interview:  1990 September 05
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    3 sound cassettes.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Olga Grunbaum on September 5, 1990 for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:03
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