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Oral history interview with Eleonora Samu

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.101 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0101

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    Oral history interview with Eleonora Samu


    Interview Summary
    Eleonora Samu (née Drova), born October 21, 1919 in Budapest, Hungary, discusses her family and life before the war; the start of the German occupation of Hungary in 1944; having to live in a Jewish house marked with the yellow star; her efforts to prevent being deported; being taken to Orszentmiklos (Őrbottyán, Hungary) labor camp near Budapest on October 15, 1944, where she dug trenches for three weeks; being forced to march on foot towards Germany for ten days, and then being taken via cattle car to Dachau; staying in Dachau for one week, before being transferred to Ravensbrück in December 1944; the arrival of inmates from Auschwitz; life in the camp; being taken to Berlin-Spandau camp; being hospitalized with an infected leg; being transferred to Oranienburg in early 1945, which held mostly members of the Communist party; Russians liberating the camp in April 1945; wandering from town to town after the Russians ordered the inmates out of Oranienburg with no organized transportation to get back home; being given money by a soldier, which made life easier; eventually making it back to Budapest in October 1945 and reuniting with her parents; getting married in 1948; having two children; escaping to Vienna, Austria in 1957; and immigrating to Australia.
    Eleonora Samu
    interview:  1990 March 29
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Samu, Eleonora, 1919-

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Eleonora Samu on March 29, 1990 for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:37
    This page:

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