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Oral history interview with Eleonora Samu

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.101 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0101

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eleonora Samu (née Drova), born October 21, 1919 in Budapest, Hungary, discusses her family and life before the war; the start of the German occupation of Hungary in 1944; having to live in a Jewish house marked with the yellow star; her efforts to prevent being deported; being taken to Orszentmiklos (Őrbottyán, Hungary) labor camp near Budapest on October 15, 1944, where she dug trenches for three weeks; being forced to march on foot towards Germany for ten days, and then being taken via cattle car to Dachau; staying in Dachau for one week, before being transferred to Ravensbrück in December 1944; the arrival of inmates from Auschwitz; life in the camp; being taken to Berlin-Spandau camp; being hospitalized with an infected leg; being transferred to Oranienburg in early 1945, which held mostly members of the Communist party; Russians liberating the camp in April 1945; wandering from town to town after the Russians ordered the inmates out of Oranienburg with no organized transportation to get back home; being given money by a soldier, which made life easier; eventually making it back to Budapest in October 1945 and reuniting with her parents; getting married in 1948; having two children; escaping to Vienna, Austria in 1957; and immigrating to Australia.

Interviewee
Eleonora Samu
Date
1990 March 29  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:59:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43303